An en dash is approximately half the width of an em dash. Сравните en dash. An em dash is as wide as an "m" in the typeface. You should not use a single hyphen to represent an em dash. Перейти к произношению em dash. Просмотреть Elysian.
Проверьте свое владение словарным запасом при помощи интересных викторин по картинам. Благодарность за предоставление графических материалов. Слово дня Kwanzaa. Блог Triumphs and success stories The language of success, Part 1 December 01, Выяснить больше. Новейшие слова business shower. November 29, К началу. Зарегайтесь безвозмездно и получите доступ к эксклюзивному контенту:. Бесплатные Кембриджские списки слов и викторины.
Инструменты для сотворения списков слов и викторин. Списки слов, сделанные юзерами словаря. From what I can see, the em-dash is as thick as the corresponding one in ecrm , just shorter. On my machine, the sfrm Do the two dashes appear and disappear simultaneously? What is it? On what OS? Show 8 more comments. Active Oldest Votes. The Overflow Blog. Check out the Stack Exchange sites that turned 10 years old in Q4. Migrating metrics from InfluxDB to M3. Featured on Meta.
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An em width is defined as the point size of the currently used font, since the M character is not always the width of the point size. Various style guides and national varieties of languages prescribe different guidance on dashes. Dashes have been cited as being treated differently in the US and the UK, with the former preferring the use of an em dash with no additional spacing and the latter preferring a spaced en dash.
Style guides outside the US are more variable. For example, The Elements of Typographic Style by Canadian typographer Robert Bringhurst recommends the spaced en dash — like so — and argues that the length and visual magnitude of an em dash "belongs to the padded and corseted aesthetic of Victorian typography". However, this convention is not universal. The Oxford Guide to Style , section 5.
The en dash — always with spaces in running text when, as discussed in this section, indicating a parenthesis or pause — and the spaced em dash both have a certain technical advantage over the unspaced em dash. Most typesetting and word processing expects word spacing to vary to support full justification.
Alone among punctuation that marks pauses or logical relations in text, the unspaced em dash disables this for the words it falls between. This can cause uneven spacing in the text, but can be mitigated by the use of thin spaces , hair spaces , or even zero-width spaces on the sides of the em dash. This provides the appearance of an unspaced em dash, but allows the words and dashes to break between lines. The spaced em dash risks introducing excessive separation of words.
In full justification, the adjacent spaces may be stretched, and the separation of words further exaggerated. En dashes may also be preferred to em dashes when text is set in narrow columns, such as in newspapers and similar publications, since the en dash is smaller. In such cases, its use is based purely on space considerations and is not necessarily related to other typographical concerns. On the other hand, a spaced en dash may be ambiguous when it is also used for ranges, for example, in dates or between geographical locations with internal spaces.
This is the standard method of printing dialogue in some languages. The em dash is equally suitable if the quotation dash is unavailable or is contrary to the house style being used. In dictionaries , it is frequently used to stand in for the term being defined. A dictionary entry providing an example for the term henceforth might employ the swung dash as follows:.
Typewriters and early computers have traditionally had only a limited character set, often having no key that produces a dash. In consequence, it became common to use the hyphen. Em dashes are often represented in British usage by a single hyphen-minus surrounded by spaces or in American usage by two hyphen-minuses. Modern computer software typically has support for many more characters and is usually capable of rendering both the en and em dashes correctly—albeit sometimes with an inconvenient input method.
Some software, though, may operate in a more limited mode. Some text editors, for example, were restricted to working with a single 8-bit pre-Unicode character encoding , and when unencodable characters are entered—for example by pasting from the clipboard—they were often blindly converted to question marks. Techniques for generating em and en dashes in various operating systems , word processors and markup languages are provided in the following table:.
In many languages, such as Polish , the em dash is used as an opening quotation mark. There is no matching closing quotation mark; typically a new paragraph will be started, introduced by a dash, for each turn in the dialog. Corpus studies indicate that em dashes are more commonly used in Russian than in English.
In French , em or en dashes can be used as parentheses brackets , but the use of a second dash as a closing parenthesis is optional. When a closing dash is not used, the sentence is ended with a period full-stop as usual. Dashes are, however, much less common than parentheses. In Spanish , em dashes can be used to mark off parenthetical phrases. Unlike in English, the em dashes are spaced like brackets, i. Llevaba la fidelidad a su maestro —un buen profesor— hasta extremos insospechados.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Punctuation mark. Not to be confused with Hyphen , Minus sign , or Hyphen-minus. For other uses, see Dash disambiguation. For the Ed Sheeran album, see — album. See also: Fillet redaction. AMA " PM " and "pp" are ignored for the purpose of this comparison. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 2 April Unicode Unicode Explained.
ISBN Retrieved 19 October Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 28 March Typographic Technical Series for Apprentices. Part II, No. Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 10 November Practical printing: a handbook of the art of typography 2nd ed. AMS Bookstore. Archived from the original on 31 July Retrieved 1 July Archived from the original on 29 July Digital Multimedia: The Business of Technology 2nd ed.
Cengage Learning. Archived from the original on 25 February Adobe Press. Johnson The handbook of good English. Academic Writing Tutor. Retrieved 2 September Pocket Guide to Correct Grammar. Copyediting: A Practical Guide. Text, type and style: A compendium of Atlantic usage. Atlantic Monthly Press. The en-dash Oxford University Press. Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing illustrated, reprinted ed. University of Chicago Press.
Archived from the original on 1 August Retrieved 1 July — via Google Books. Use an en-dash as an equivalent of to as when showing a span of pages , to express tension or difference, or to denote a pairing in which the elements carry equal weight. Bugs in Writing Revised ed. Addison Wesley Longman.
Government Publishing Office. Archived PDF from the original on 24 March Retrieved 12 August Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Archived from the original on 16 January University of California Press. Errors in English and Ways to Correct Them. Holt Paperbacks. Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 30 July Thames and Hudson. The elements of typographic style third ed. The Guardian. The Oxford Guide to Style. The en rule is, as its name indicates, an en in length, which makes it longer than a hyphen and half the length of an em rule.
Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 10 August Chicago University Press. London: The Bodley Head. A List Apart. Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 4 June AP vs. Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 13 August The New York Times. Accessed 31 May Retrieved 29 December Archived from the original on 19 January Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 18 October LibreOffice 6.
Washington State University. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 11 February Retrieved 20 January Angelelli; Holly E. Jacobson Testing and assessment in translation and interpreting studies: a call for dialogue between research and practice. John Benjamins Publishing Company. Archived from the original on 25 October All caps Camel case Letter case Small caps. Serif Antiqua , Didone , slab serif Sans-serif. Fraktur Rotunda Schwabacher.
Insular Uncial. Record type Outline typeface Display typeface script , fat face , reverse-contrast. Calligraphy Intentionally blank page Style guide Type foundry History Intellectual property protection of typefaces Technical lettering. Punctuation and other typographic symbols.
Punctuation marks and other typographical marks or symbols. List in alphabetic order version Currency symbols Diacritics accents Logic symbols Math symbols Whitespace Chinese punctuation Hebrew punctuation Japanese punctuation Korean punctuation. Hi Christian, According to MS Word, is a hyphen, is a dash, is an en dash, is em dash. Word says is a minus sign. This stuff gets more complicated the more closely you look at it. No point losing sleep over a 1-pixel difference in the width of 3 different minus signs, I say.
Which one would you like me to use as a minus sign? Ultimately, I think a good reference on these issues is not MS Word, not the character charts, but a book like the Chicago Manual of Style. Is there a keyboard shortcut for a minus sign?
I know the shortcut for an N-dash but I have an editor who can tell the difference! Hi Bruce, Three answers: 1. On a Windows computer with a keyboard that has a proper numerical keypad, hold down ALT and type This inserts the ANSI character for minus which is sadly the same as the hyphen. Type then with no space hit ALT-X. That also inserts the mid-length minus sign.
Thanks Fitoschido for this one. Cheers, Ken. Thanks Ken! Our editor certainly knows his hyphens from his minus signs. He probably also knows his minus signs from his N-dashes, so I will create a shortcut as you suggest and use proper minus signs. Thanks again, Bruce. Your email address will not be published. And I think in a lot of everyday speech, the F-bomb has become a kind of dash or a comma. Punctuation: Important for academic and published writing.
Close Top Banner. Additional menu A reader asked about the difference between a minus symbol and an N-dash thanks Tem. Can I use a hyphen as a minus sign? More information about dashes: When to use the hyphen, dash, n-dash and m-dash Insert an n-dash or m-dash on a web page or blog Quickly insert an n-dash or m-dash in Microsoft Word. Thanks for the info about the minus sign! Which, BTW, is probably the only way to get non-breakable n-dash.
Перевод контекст "Dash sign" c английский на русский от Reverso Context: There was a line of Bronies all in matching T-shirts, and one of them had a Rainbow. Примеры перевода, содержащие „dash symbol“ – Русско-английский словарь и система поиска по миллионам русских переводов. Англо-русский перевод DASH SIGN. рекламный плакат на транспортном средстве. Глядков С.В.. English-Russian dictionary of patents and trademarks.